This is a Part I in a three part series on sensory processing disorders. On Wednesday, I will address why children develop these disorders and on Friday, you, as a parent, can learn more about what you can do for your child.
Many children adopted internationally have what are known as Sensory Processing Disorders (SPDs). These children have problems processing and appropriately responding to stimuli, such as touch and noise. The SPDs can affect children’s behavior and emotions and may impact their ability to learn and socially function. SPDs are found in 5-10% of non-disabled children and in 40 to 88 % of children with disabilities. It is also more prevalent in children with ADHD.
There are different types of SPDs. Some children overreact to stimuli that most others do not find annoying. These are the kids who cannot stand tags in their clothes or being lightly touched; others may have a “melt-down” if their nails are trimmed or their teeth brushed. If the children have auditory processing problems, they may over react to the vacuum cleaner or other “normal” noises. Others with auditory processing problems can hear just fine but can have difficulty understanding what is being said. These are children who are told, “You are not paying attention.”
Then there are the children who may under-respond to touch, movement, or sound, which others would find offensive. Such a child may not feel pain or may create stimulation, such as engaging in head banging or rhythmic rocking—some may even be found “smelling…doorknobs” (Miller et al., 2004, p. 248).
Less common are children who cannot tell what an object is when it cannot be seen. Such a child can hold an apple in the hands but not know what type of fruit it is. Some children can have difficulty maintaining their bodies in a certain position and moving around appropriately. Others cannot adjust to new situations because they do not have the ability to plan or complete tasks.
Just as there are various types of sensory problems, there are different expressions in response to stimuli. These anxious children can become aggressive and may strike out, which can disrupt family life. Others may become quieter and avoid the stimulation. The sensory seeking children may become sluggish and uninterested unless there is a lot of stimulation.
If your child has an SPD, your child may have, lowered social ability, self-esteem, and confidence, as well as difficulty regulating behavior and emotions. Most likely you will notice your child’s behavioral problems before your child starts kindergarten, but these problematic behaviors can became more pronounced in a classroom setting.
Here is a great website to learn more about SPDs.
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