“Orphans, adoption and Fuling China: a fresh look at James 1:27” has been revised. In it I argue that James’ reference to “visiting orphans in their affliction” can ultimately be understood as a call to adoption. This is not to say that no other kind of visiting orphans is legitimate or real. Orphans have very real needs that must be met whether they are ultimately adopted or not. My point is simply that if visiting orphans in their affliction ultimately involves removing them from it, then adoption is what we must pursue, whether by assisting other families as they pursue adoption or adopting ourselves.