Last week we discussed what causes clubfoot. Depending upon what caused the clubfoot and the severity of the clubfoot, there are different levels and types of treatment. For example, if a child has clubfoot because of the child’s position in the womb, then the foot may be adjusted through physical therapy. Nearly all children with clubfoot are treated with serial castings and braces. Those who have other complications, such as spina bifida, may need surgery. Yet, one study showed even children with other medical issues may be able to be also treated through castings and braces, [reference 1] although some studies show that they probably need more intensive treatment. 
Treatment usually begins at 1 week old to 2-and-a-half years old. Most children are treated with the Ponseti method, which involves serial castings. These are casts that are put on every week to few weeks; each time the castings go on, they slowly change the position of the foot.  For example, a child may have 6 castings done between one and 3 months old. Of course, if your child is in China, he may not be receiving such treatment.
Once the series of castings are done , the child will usually wear a foot adjunction brace to keep the foot in proper position — much as people wear retainers after having braces on their teeth. Like a retainer, these shoe braces are initially worn nearly all the time and then just at night. Continue reading